Fourty leading international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of the application to make lower concentrations of nicotine designed for utilization in e-cigarettes (“vaping”).
Within Australia, it is illegal to possess or use nicotine other than in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified in the Poisons Standard as a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Because the primary addictive part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is area of the problem. However, additionally, it can be part of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers with the alternative way of getting the nicotine which these are addicted minus the tobacco smoke that causes almost all of the harm from smoking.
As well as delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several crucial sides of the “smoking experience”. This consists of the hand-to-mouth movement and also the sensory and social facets of the habit of smoking that smokers frequently miss whenever they attempt to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The medical outcomes of nicotine are relatively minor. It is not a carcinogen and does not cause respiratory disease. It provides only relatively minor effects on the heart, such as short-lived rises in heartbeat and blood pressure, constriction of coronary arteries and a rise in the contracting in the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. It is also harmful to the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There is certainly some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated from the toxins in tobacco smoke and found in its pure form, there is very little evidence of long term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Reports have found the medical risks from vaping are unlikely to be more than 5% of the risk of smoking, and may well be substantially less than this. As the vast majority of vapor cigarette for sale users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents a huge health benefit for those who switch to vaping.
The impact of vaping on bystanders is additionally regarded as negligible. E-cigarettes release lower levels of nicotine and minimal amounts of other chemicals to the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly without significant health risks to bystanders.
Recent studies have found nicotine is far less toxic than previously thought. Many cases of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions result in prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in kids typically causes mild adverse effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine can be prevented with common sense, childproof packaging and warning labels, the same as other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products based in the home.
Overseas experience indicates e-cigarettes are certainly not a gateway to smoking for young adults. Although adolescents are testing e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The great greater part of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
In fact, the evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting as an “exit gateway” and are displacing smoking. It really is obviously better for young adults not to use e-cigarettes, but vaping is better than smoking.
Smokers who are trying to reduce the health risks from smoking are using e-cigarettes almost exclusively as being a safer alternative to combustible tobacco. After 10 years of overseas’ experience, there is xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are employed for any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for instance, in places that you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine ought to be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful type of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the most lethal type of nicotine intake (tobacco cigarettes). Regardless of the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, e-cigarette use has been growing rapidly around australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard enables smokers who definitely are unable or unwilling to stop smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. It is additionally legally found in nicotine-replacement therapies including patches, so why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation under the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and make certain child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It could also eliminate the black market and the risks connected with it.
Research conducted recently estimated over 6 million European Union citizens used e-cigarettes to give up smoking. Throughout the uk, 1.3 million ex-smokers are using an electronic cigarette. Similarly, it is likely tens of thousands of Australians will stop smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.